This year 2018 has been marked by interesting discoveries and advances in different science fields. This list includes some that I find important enough to mention in this scientific closing post of the year:
THE ROSEHIP NEURON
“We don’t yet understand what these cells might be doing in the human brain, but their absence in the mouse points to how difficult it is to model human brain diseases in laboratory animals,” said co-lead author Dr. Gábor Tamás, a neuroscientist at the University of Szeged in Hungary. The results appear in the journal Nature Neuroscience
MEDICINE NOBEL PRIZE ON CANCER RESEARCH
Dr James P. Allison and Dr Tasuku Honjo discovery on T-Cells checkpoint in cancer research, makes history in the world of medicine and physiology. This is why they were awarded the Nobel Prize in these fields. Their work into the utilisation of the body’s immune system for fighting certain types of cancer could potentially save the lives of thousands around the world.
HARVESTING LETTUCE IN THE ANTARCTIC
German scientist Paul Zabel developed an artificial greenhouse that could make harvesting produce a reality for those in the Antarctic.
The greenhouse, which was installed and began producing early this year, is housed inside a climate-controlled shipping container. With LED lamps, an abundance of carbon dioxide and a nutrient-rich mist, the greenhouse can successfully grow produce without natural sunlight. Plant cultivation technologies
ANCIENT VIRUS RESPONSIBLE FOR HUMAN CONSCIOUSNESS
An ancient virus infected humans long time ago. This invader left behind its genetic code in our DNA. This year, researchers found that snippets of that ancient viral DNA play a vital role in the communication among brain cells that’s required for higher-order thinking. The research reports that the virus planted its genetic print in the human cortex, eventually giving us our consciousness.
The Way To Levitating Humans
The study, published in the Physical Review Letters, describes the new technique, which creates a tornado-like structure that is extremely loud but has a silent core.
The researchers found that when they changed the direction of the rapidly fluctuating acoustic vortices that make up this structure, they could control the rate of rotation and stabilise the tractor beam.
“In the demonstration detailed in the study, the engineers used ultrasonic waves at a pitch of 40kHz to make up the acoustic vortices. The structure’s silent core was able to hold a two-centimeter sphere made out of a synthetic polymer. The sphere is more than two times the size of the acoustic wavelengths, making it the largest object that’s been stably held in a tractor beam thus far” — Reports
The Catholic church and some of its followers believe in the myth that some saints and virgins have cried blood. They make statues of them with blood tears rolling down the faces made of ceramic or plaster.
Many catholics report sightings of weeping madonnas, from Ireland to Croatia, but the only one recognised by the Church is a statue of the Virgin Mary in the town of Siracusa in Sicily. It began weeping in 1953, so they say.
There is actually a symptom known as haemolacria, which is a rare condition that causes a person to produce tears that are partially composed of blood. The condition has garnered significant attention in the medical community and media recently.
Haemolacria is a symptom of multiple diseases involving the conjunctiva and lacrimal system.
These entities can range from vascular malformations and tumors to infectious or inflammatory conditions and has even been reported in the literature as a presenting finding in scleral buckle infection.
Losing a loved one can be one of the most painful and stressful events in your life, and it might cause severe emotional crisis that could develop into different physical symptoms or diseases:
- High blood pressure
- Bone aches
- Worsening of arthritis symptoms.
- Gastritis or worsening of symptoms.
- And more….
This emotional maelstrom can affect behaviour and judgement. Many patients report to me stomach pain, eating habit changes: loss or gain of appetite, intestinal upsets, sleep disturbances and loss of energy. Of all life’s stresses, mourning can seriously test your natural defense systems. Existing illnesses may worsen or new conditions may appear.
In stressful and sad times you don’t need people around you who do not support you. You need to surround yourself with loving human beings who actually care about you. Go out with them, trust them if they have proven to you that they are loyal and faithful.
Having and caring for pets like dogs, cats, birds, is another way to find comfort. I especially love cats, but others prefer dogs or birds. Some people don’t like animals and would rather care for plants. Therefore, get into planting, gardening, farming and grafting. Some of my patients have expressed their liking towards social activities like volunteering, helping others, “not being at home where there are so many memories” — they say. It is fine, but remember, sooner or later you have to face reality and stay at home. So do the volunteering for another reason such as helping others and just “not” to be at home.
Remember: After the storm, calm is restored
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Dr. Arnold, 62, an American professor of chemical engineering, bioengineering and biochemistry at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, earned the award for her work with the
She shared this year’s chemistry Nobel — worth close to $1 million — with George P. Smith, 77, and Gregory P. Winter, 67. Dr. Arnold received half of the prize, and Dr. Smith and Dr. Winter split the other half.
Dr. Arnold won for her work conducting the directed evolution of enzymes, proteins that catalyze chemical reactions. She first pioneered the bioengineering method, which works similar to the way dog breeders mate specific dogs to bring out desired traits, in the early 1990s, and has refined it since then.
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